Haircare & Grooming Tips

Combing/Brushing

  • Use a brush whose bristles are made from natural animal hairs, it is softer and more flexible which means less damage will be done to your hair.
  • Hair is most fragile when it is wet so avoid brushing or combing when it's wet, or else it will cause breakage, wait until your hair is almost completely dry before brushing it.
  • Use brushes/combs with widely spaced bristles/teeth and smooth tips. Sharp tooth combs can damage your hair, cause split ends, and scratch your scalp.
  • To keep your brushes and combs clean, wash them weekly using soap or shampoo.
  • Comb your hair to remove any tangles before brushing it.
  • Begin by combing your hair gently at the ends to get any tangles out and work your way up to the base of your hair.
  • Always brush/comb with a downwards stroke.
  • Avoid using plastic brushes/combs which create static electricity

Shampooing and Conditioning

  • Buy shampoos & conditioners that match your hair type, trial and error is the best way to find out what specific hair product is best for your hair.
  • Shower with warm water, hot water can dry and/or irritate the scalp.

Types of Shampoos

A. Color-Enhancing Shampoos
B. Medicated Shampoos
C. Moisturizing or Conditioning Shampoos

***All shampoos are massaged into the scalp and provide a relaxing feeling.
***Statistics show that almost forty percent (40%) of men and women show some degree of hair loss by the age of 35. (http://www.hairfinder.com/hair-problems/hairloss_men.htm)

A. Color-Enhancing Shampoos

  • Color-enhancing shampoos are used to brighten the hair, adding slight color and eliminating unwantedcolor tones.
  • It tones down brassiness, create warmth and camouflage roots without altering professional salon color. (http://beauty.ivillage.com/hair/color/0,,7pdhprm1,00.html)

B. Medicated Shampoos

  • Medicated shampoos contain medicinal or antiseptic ingredients used to reduce dandruff and to relieve scalp conditions such as itching, scaling, dryness, and flaking of the skin due to dandruff, eczema, psoriasis, and seborrhea.
  • It is a keratolytic that works by slowing bacterial growth and loosing and softening scales and crust. (http://www.drugs.com/cdi/original-tegrin-medicated-shampoo.html)

C. Moisturizing or Conditioning Shampoos

  • Moisturizing or conditioning shampoos are mild and creamy shampoos that contain moisturizing agents designed to “lock in” moisturizing properties and draw moisture to the hair.
  • It makes the hair smooth and shiny and it restores elasticity, as well as strengthens the hair shaft.

Eight Tips For Naturally Beautiful Hair
By Ololade Franklin

  1. Looking for a more natural approach to hair care? Here are some tips to help your hair look and feel its best.Avoid shampoos that contain sodium laurel sulfate, or odium laureth sulfate. These chemicals are synthetic detergents that are used in dishwashing liquid and other cleansers. They are valued because they lather well, but they are very harsh, and can dry out your hair. Instead, look for shampoos made with decyl glucose, or decyl glucoside, which are much gentler.
  2. Give yourself a hot oil treatment to deep condition your hair. Warm oil penetrates the hair shaft making the hair more flexible and giving it shine. This can also help to prevent split ends which result from dry hair.
  3. Eat right and consider taking vitamin and mineral supplements to encourage healthy hair. Several vitamins and minerals have been shown to help hair growth and condition including biotin, vitamin E, vitamin B, vitamin C and MSM.
  4. If you are an African American, or if you have extra curly hair, avoid brushing your hair. Use a wide toothed comb, or your fingers to work with your hair. Brushes can destroy African American or extra curly hair by shearing it out of the scalp.
  5. Look for essential oils, herbs and vegetable oils in your hair care products. Essential oils such as rosemary, ylang-ylang and west Indian bay help to stimulate hair growth. Lavender and tea tree are naturally antiseptic and help to fight dandruff. Vegetable oils such as soybean oil, safflower oil and corn oil are moisturizing and conditioning to the hair shaft.
  6. Avoid sleeping in hair accessories such as barrettes, scrunchies, head bands, etc. This can lead to hair damage.
  7. Massage your scalp to help stimulate hair growth. Massaging helps stimulate hair growth by increasing the blood flow to the scalp. This nourishes the hair roots and helps to stimulate the hair growth process.
  8. If your hair ends are damaged, give yourself a trim every so often to remove damage.

Hair Oil - A Need For Anyone And Everyone
By: Sharon Hopkins

  • Oiling ones hair is one of the most important things, if we want to take care of our hair. It is very necessary that hair is given proper treatment which would mean a massage with some of the most beneficial oils.
  • Having the right kind of oil for your hair is very important and so is oiling your hair. Many of us have a hectic schedule due to which, oiling and washing our hair holds the last priority. If you want healthy hair and one which lasts longer - oiling is the best remedy.
  • There are so many oils in the market which tells you tales about the benefits it provides. Before jumping in the bandwagon with others, check it from which company you are buying the oil. A trusted and known company is very important as there are many duplicates in the market.
  • Having good hair oil is not enough, eating the right kind of food also helps. Harmful foods such as canned and processed food which do not protect your hair instead damage it, should not be eaten. Fresh coconut is very good for your hair.
  • For beautiful and strong hair, massage your scalp with hair oil and leave it overnight. You can also use a steamed towel to cover your hair for half an hour for best results. This gives your hair a shiny and lustrous look.
  • Oiling your hair everyday would be too much to ask for. But do this at least thrice a week for beautiful hair. It does make a lot of difference if you keep doing this regularly as it is bound to show on your hair.
  • The massaging and oiling of your hair stimulates the blood circulation, which in return helps your hair. Due to the oil your hair is protected from the strong and hot sun rays. The oil also gives your hair that extra shine.

Some of the most popular and very beneficial oils which are being used for beautiful long hair with indefinite good qualities are:

Jojoba Oil - can be used for dry hair as it helps to moisturize your hair properly. It helps to soften your hair and can be used to detangle your hair before shampooing.
Olive Oil - strengthens your hair and nourishes it due to inherent qualities it has. It helps to reduce stress and promotes the idea of healthy hair by providing elasticity to your hair.
Coconut Oil - is one of the oil which helps in the lubrication of the hair. The content in coconut oil like magnesium, potassium, calcium and iron happens to provide the best for your hair. It is very useful for damaged hair due to its ability to strengthen it.
Rosemary Herbal Oil - is very useful for the unwanted and flaky dandruff problems. Warm the oil slightly and apply it with the help of your fingers or cotton. Rub it well on the scalp and wrap with a hot towel.

It is important to wash your hair, shampooing removes dirt, dead skin cells, hair oils, any hair products you may put into your hair.

When shampooing, rinse your hair out before applying any shampoo to remove any dust, dirt, and any other foreign items, then apply the shampoo onto your scalp and massage it gently with your finger tips and work your way outwards. After you are done make sure that you thouroughly rinse out your hair to remove any shampoo residue that may be left. Shampoo residue may dry your scalp/hair and or attract dirt. It is recommended that you only lather once to avoid drying your hair out, if you have oily hair, lathering again may stimulate your oil glands to create even more oil than normal.

You should wash your hair as often as you feel necessary to keep it clean, but a general rule is for oily hair you should wash it every day or every other day and for dry hair only wash it 2-3 times a week.

Try rotating the shampoo and conditioner periodically, your hair responds differently to different products.

Use a conditioner after shampooing, it'll moisturize your hair, give it extra protection, add shine, reduce static, and makes it easier to untangle.

Use a leave in conditioner, it'll hydrate and protect your hair. A leave in conditioner on your hair is the equivalent of moisturizer on your face. When conditioning your hair, try to spread conditioner evenly through out your hair and leave it in for a couple of minutes before rinsing out your hair. Put the conditioner in at about an inch away from the scalp, the roots of your hair contain the most oils and usually don't need the extra conditioning.

Be gentle when shampooing and conditioning, don't use excessive force rubbing your hair, remember hair is most vunerable when wet.

What is Dandruff?
Dandruff is simply dead skin shedding from your head at a fast rate. Almost everyone has had dandruff at some point to one degree or another. People with a strong degree of dandruff will experience an itchy scalp. Dandruff is a presence of small, flaky, white scales and is usually due to poor circulation infections, improper diet and poor personal hygiene. It is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp that is caused by frequent exposure to extreme heat and cold Instead of growing to the surface and rolling off, the horny layer scales accumulate on the scalp. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dandruff).

Causes of Dandruff - The following are items that may cause dandruff:

Hormone imbalance.
Excessive perspiration
Allergic reactions
Excessive stress
Poor hygene
Poor nutritioin/health
Lack of sleep
Inherited genetic trait
Inadequete shampooing and rinsing of the hair.
Tight fitting hats.
Excessive use of hair styling products (gel, mouse, hair dye, hair curler...)
Cold weather
Dry enviroment.
Excessive Heat
Even though dandruff is known as the drying of the scalp, it is most common in people with oily hair.

Dandruff Treatment

Unfortunately there is no cure for dandruff yet (once you get it you may continue to have it), but there are ways that you can control and limit dandruff.

If you have only a mild case of dandruff, shampooing your hair with a regular shampoo daily or twice a day will usually do the trick.

Start out by trying a mild shampoo, stronger shampoos can irritate and dry out your hair making dandruff flaking worst.

If your standard shampoo doesn't get rid of your dandruff, buy an anti-dandruff shampoo and your dandruff condition should improve signifigantly in a couple of weeks. Picking the right shampoo for your hair can be a process of trial and error, try out different shampoos to see which one works best for you and also rotating shampoos periodically can be good for your hair.

Once you have found an anti-dandruff shampoo that works for you, keep on using it or your dandruff will most likely reoccur.

Lather and rinse twice when using anti-dandruff shampoos, the first time cycle will clean your scalp, the second cycle will medicate it

African-American/Black hair in general is more brittle, coarser, dryer and curlier than those of non-African decent. Because of this hair care for a Caucasian would be different than for an African, who needs to be more careful when treating his/her hair because it is more delicate.

African-Black Hair Care Tips

  • A healthier lifestyle will result in healthier hair.
  • Massaging your scalp on a regular basis will stimulate oil production, which will help reduce the dryness of your hair.
  • Daily shampooing is not recommended, ethnic hair is dryer than other types of hair, shampooing strips away the oils from your hair so try shampooing once every 3 to 7 days instead.
  • If you engage in daily activities that cause you to sweat, it is recommended that you rinse your hair out with water and only use shampoo on occasion, but if you feel the need to use a mild shampoo, go ahead and do so.
  • Use a mild moisturizing shampoo with a low PH level when washing your hair.
  • Don't use a 2 in 1 shampoo and conditioner, use a separate shampoo and conditioner, 2 in 1's aren't suited as well for dry hair.
    When washing your hair rub only in one direction to avoid tangling.
  • Shower with warm water, hot water can dry and/or irritate the scalp.
  • Oil your scalp after shampooing, with your hair still moist, massage the oil into your scalp and brush out to the ends of your hair.
  • Use a conditioner when you shower, it'll moisturize your hair, give it extra protection, add shine, reduce static, and makes it easier to untangle.

Curly Hair Care Tips

Limit shampooing your hair to no more than twice a week., shampooing strips your hair of its natural oils.

Use a conditioner every time after you shampoo to re-moisturize your hair.

Use a leave-in conditioner on your hair daily or every other day.

Use a shampoo and conditioner that is specifically geared towards curly hair.

Avoid using narrow toothed combs and brushes, use wide-toothed combs instead which has less of a tendency to cause breakage and frizzing.

To detangle your hair, in the shower start with your hair moist and conditioned (which will protect it from breakage), use your fingers to begin the untangling then finish with a wide toothed comb starting from the end going up finishing at the root of the hair. Then rinse your head with water and try to retain half of the conditioner in your hair. If you try to detangle your hair when it's dry, you will cause it to frizz.

Let your hair aid dry to reduce frizzing, avoid brushing and using a towel to dry your hair. If you need to your hair to dry quickly, blot your hair with a towel, but do not rub it.

Deep condition your hair once a month or more to re-moisturize your scalp and hair.

Use a small amount of styling product with moisturizing ingredient(s) in it to keep your hair from frizzing when your hair is still slightly moist and gently style with your finger. Apply the styling one section so that it is equally distributed.

Avoid playing with your hair or touching it as much as possible, the more friction that occurs on your hair will cause it to tangle and/or frizz.

Hair Loss Treatments
Two (2) hair loss treatments that have been proven to stimulate hair growth and that are approved by the FDA are minoxidil and finasteride.

Minoxidil is a topical treatment that is applied to the scalp twice a day.

  • It is sold over the counter as a non-prescription drug and is available for both men and women.
  • It is available in two (2) different strengths: two percent (2%) regular and five percent (5%) extra strength.
  • It is not known to have any side effects.

Finasteride is an oral prescription medication for men only.

  • Although it is considered more effective and convenient than minoxidil, its possible side effects include weight gain and loss of sexual function.

Additional Options
Surgical options such as transplants or hair plugs are the most common permanent hair replacement techniques.
The process consists of removing small sections of hair to include the follicle papilla and the bulb.

Skin Spots

  • Flawless skin begins in the bath tub and with exercise. Showers are fine, but nothing takes the place of a good hot bath with Epsom salt for deeply cleansing skin.
  • Most tap water is very hard from its chemical treatments. So, rather than a bubbly or oily bath, a cup of baking soda is the best way to soften and condition water.
  • Dry with the rough side of the towel very vigorously to bring new blood to the surface of the skin.
  • Instead of using heavy lotion, condition damp skin with 100% jojoba oil. One of the many benefits of jojoba oil is that it cleanses clogged pores and restores skin's natural pH balance.
  • Always use a fresh disposable razor and shave only in the direction the hair grows to avoid stubs and bumps.

Thinning Tresses

Thinning tresses are very thin around the edges. Helps eliminates breakage in those areas or help edges get nursed back to health.

  • Take a hair care stress test. Check styling tools to see if the stress is, in fact, coming from simply using the wrong brush.
  • Check your styling products to see if they contain mineral oil, petroleum or balsam wax.
  • These ingredients may be robbing the hair of much needed moisture.
  • Check your diet.
  • Many people have genetic variations that interfere with the way their body uses B vitamins, an important factor in cell growth and maintenance.

Helping Hair Grow
Learn to do natural sets with styling lotions that fortify the hair with protein complexes.
Healthy hair is expected to grow at least one-half (1/2) of an inch during peak summer months. However, frequent use of heat applications is usually the reason we do not realize hair growth.
Trim the ends approximately a quarter (1/4) of an inch at least every three (3) months to keep the hair from splitting and breaking.

Streaking or Painting

Streaking or Painting is when color or bleach is applied with a brush, just as paint, then wrapped in small pieces of foil or other materials.

Frosting
Frosting requires the pulling of several fine strands of hair through a “frosting cap” then removing the color with bleach.

Tipping
Tipping involves bleaching only the tip ends of different strands of hair.

Questions and Answers: Q & A’s


Q: How long should you wait before getting another relaxer touch up?
A: You should wait until you have approximately a quarter (one-fourth) of an inch of new hair growth or getting a touch up every six (6) weeks, whichever comes first.

Q: Every time I change my hair color, my hair tends to get very dry. Is there anything I can do to soften it?
A: Use post treatments hair product “Talk to your stylist to see which hair products are right for you.”) These products are leave in conditioners that are designed to guard against brittle hair and color fading. They are formulated with extra ingredients which help seal cuticles and balance hairs pH level after the hair has been color treated.

Q: I tend to get my hair highlighted often. This time around my ends broke off. Why did this happen?
A: Due to repeated use of a high lift tint or bleach on previously lightened ends, your hair is more susceptible to breakage. To prevent this from reoccurring, use a conditioner (1 or 2 references or disclaimer) to block off the ends and highlight the new hair growth only.

Q: How do I hide my gray hair without my hair looking fake?
A: Use a nude lighter (1 or 2 references or disclaimer), and then use your natural hair color dye. Doing this will blend in your grays better, making them look more like highlights instead of the “all in one” color look.

Q: My hair tends to dry out in the summer. What can I do to prevent this from occurring?
A: Rehydrate your hair with moisture formulated products. Choose a style that requires minimal thermal styling.

For properly moisturized hair, try products such as Arosci Intra-Quatic moisturizing
shampoos, followed by Aroscic moisturizing conditioners to add shine and to manage
ability.

Other than vitamin E pills, massaging natural aloe vera gel into the scalp daily. There are garlic aloe vera shampoos on the market that claim to help remedy the conditions by cleansing the scalp of any residual products such as styling gels, pomades and relaxers.

Three (3) Basic Types of Conditioners
A) Instant conditioners
B) Deep conditioning and repair treatments
C) Leave-in conditioners

A) Instant conditioners
Definition: type of conditioner that is left on hair for a short period of time, then rinsed out of the hair.
Purpose: Used to revitalize shine, to detangle and to make hair more manageable by working on the surface of the hair to moisturize smoothly and controllably. Instant conditioning is recommended before and after chemical process.

B) Deep Conditioning
This is a type of conditioner that is used for when chemical treatments, heating styling, and other factors that damage the hair’s cuticle, making it feel dry and rough.

  • Hair lacking in precious moisture loses shine and elasticity and become difficult to manage.
  • An intense deep treatment with natural oils, moisturizers and silicone derivatives can target damaged areas, nurturing and smoothing out the rough cuticles and adding vital shine.
  • Deep conditioners are left in for a longer time.

    Repair Treatments

    Repair treatments work to actually improve the hair structure when damage goes beyond the cuticle all the way to the core of the hair fiber, causing brittleness, hair breakage, and split ends.
    Repair treatments may contain ingredients such as Ceramide B, a unique protective fortifying agent that mimics a natural component of healthy hair.

    Leave-in Conditioner
    Leave-in conditioners are light weight, non-rinse conditioners that usually have specific functions, applied on towel-dried hair after shampooing.
    They can also combat frizz, define curls, protect against heat styling, relieve dry, itchy scalp and/or restore shine.

Color Me BeautifulHow to Choose the Right Hair Color For Me
Choose a color close to your natural shade.

Double Process
The double process is when hair is prelightened or bleached, to control any unwanted red or gold tones and toner or hair color used.

Prevent Shedding
Vitamin E helps prevent hair shedding, while strengthening hair.

Adding Shine to Hair
Silicon based products makes hair shiny and easy to comb.

Prevent Dandruff

Drink eight (8) glasses of water each day to prevent dandruff. This helps to eliminate dry skin and hair and adds moisture to the entire body.

Grow a Healthy Inch
Trim a damaged inched until you have a new head of healthy hair. To help slow breakage, try combination of protein and moisturizing treatments to help regain the necessary balance. Regular trim helps remove fragile breaking hair.

It normally takes 6 to 8 weeks for trim to remove damaged ends. Split ends can make
hair appear dry. Only stylists can give hair the deep conditioning and proper trim that is
required to achieve a healthy look.

Preventing Dry Hair

Hair requires a balance of protein and moisture to maintain its health.

If hair lacks the proper protein balance for example due to chemical service in combination with too much daily heat, you may have lost some valuable protein from the hair.

A protein void can make it difficult to “hold” the moisture you are constantly attempting to achieve.

The proper balance of protein allows your hair to hold moisture, without it (Imagine pouring water into a sifter. The holes represent the lack of protein or empty pockets in the hair and there is no substance in place to hold the moisture).

Try a two-step regimen (example) after shampooing condition with the protein fortified conditioner.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is involved in the production of collagen. It’s the “glue” that holds the body’s cells together, skin included.
Deficiencies can cause bruising, loss of skin elasticity, and can also cause cuts and scrapes to heal poorly.
Like Beta Carotene, Vitamin C acts an antioxidant.

Foods That Contribute to Having Healthy Hair:
Red peppers, grapefruits, strawberries, and broccoli.

Iron Rich Protein
Iron delivers oxygen to cells all over the body including hair follicles.
Foods include red meat, turkey, oysters, lentils and eggs.

B-Vitamins
(BE, Brand Folicle)
B-vitamins are involved in building red blood cells; it helps to circulate the oxygen. This improves the physical properties to include elasticity, strength and glass of the hairshaft.

Beta Carotene
Beta Carotene helps maintain epithelial tissue and acts as an antioxidant. Therefore, it can help to prevent premature wrinkling.
Beta carotene is found in deep organic fruits and vegetables such as sweet potatoes, carrots, mangos and apricots.

Vitamin E
Vitamin E acts as a potent anti-oxidant, preserving healthy skin cells from free radicals.
Good Source: Wheat germ, almonds, peanut butter, avocado.

Omega 3 Fats
Omega 3 fats help maintain the integrity of cell membranes. Foods include fatty fish such as salmon and sardines. Others include omega 3 fortified eggs, flax seeds and walnuts.

For a dynamic smile, healthy gums, and strong teeth, one should do the following….

  • Get adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D.
  • Drink plenty of water. Water helps wash away food particles and keeps gums healthy.
  • Drink green or black tea. This helps combat bad breath and also contains fluoride.
  • When possible, drink beverages through a straw to bypass your teeth. This helps prevent stains from forming in the front of your teeth.

Wearing Hair peices
Wearing hair pieces without proper care underneath the hair, hair peices may rub moisture from the hair.

Improper wearing of hair peices may also cause tightness, itchiness, dryness and scalp irritation.

Treat your scalp and hair to a line of hair treatment to deliver health products that contain vital conditioning protein complexes that fortify hair and deliver softness and shine so your hair is strong and can stand up to the right hair peices.

Websites:
www.pivot-point.com
www.xoticsproducts.com/curtis/
www.johnatchison.com